Criminal Code (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-46)

Act current to 2017-10-13 and last amended on 2017-06-19. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Release pending determination of appeal
  •  (1) A judge of the court of appeal may, in accordance with this section, release an appellant from custody pending the determination of his appeal if,

    • (a) in the case of an appeal to the court of appeal against conviction, the appellant has given notice of appeal or, where leave is required, notice of his application for leave to appeal pursuant to section 678;

    • (b) in the case of an appeal to the court of appeal against sentence only, the appellant has been granted leave to appeal; or

    • (c) in the case of an appeal or an application for leave to appeal to the Supreme Court of Canada, the appellant has filed and served his notice of appeal or, where leave is required, his application for leave to appeal.

  • Marginal note:Notice of application for release

    (2) Where an appellant applies to a judge of the court of appeal to be released pending the determination of his appeal, he shall give written notice of the application to the prosecutor or to such other person as a judge of the court of appeal directs.

  • Marginal note:Circumstances in which appellant may be released

    (3) In the case of an appeal referred to in paragraph (1)(a) or (c), the judge of the court of appeal may order that the appellant be released pending the determination of his appeal if the appellant establishes that

    • (a) the appeal or application for leave to appeal is not frivolous;

    • (b) he will surrender himself into custody in accordance with the terms of the order; and

    • (c) his detention is not necessary in the public interest.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (4) In the case of an appeal referred to in paragraph (1)(b), the judge of the court of appeal may order that the appellant be released pending the determination of his appeal or until otherwise ordered by a judge of the court of appeal if the appellant establishes that

    • (a) the appeal has sufficient merit that, in the circumstances, it would cause unnecessary hardship if he were detained in custody;

    • (b) he will surrender himself into custody in accordance with the terms of the order; and

    • (c) his detention is not necessary in the public interest.

  • Marginal note:Conditions of order

    (5) Where the judge of the court of appeal does not refuse the application of the appellant, he shall order that the appellant be released

    • (a) on his giving an undertaking to the judge, without conditions or with such conditions as the judge directs, to surrender himself into custody in accordance with the order, or

    • (b) on his entering into a recognizance

      • (i) with one or more sureties,

      • (ii) with deposit of money or other valuable security,

      • (iii) with both sureties and deposit, or

      • (iv) with neither sureties nor deposit,

      in such amount, subject to such conditions, if any, and before such justice as the judge directs,

    • (c) [Repealed, R.S., 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 141]

    and the person having the custody of the appellant shall, where the appellant complies with the order, forthwith release the appellant.

  • Marginal note:Conditions

    (5.1) The judge may direct that the undertaking or recognizance referred to in subsection (5) include the conditions described in subsections 515(4), (4.1) and (4.2) that the judge considers desirable.

  • Marginal note:Application of certain provisions of section 525

    (6) The provisions of subsections 525(5), (6) and (7) apply with such modifications as the circumstances require in respect of a person who has been released from custody under subsection (5) of this section.

  • Marginal note:Release or detention pending hearing of reference

    (7) If, with respect to any person, the Minister of Justice gives a direction or makes a reference under section 696.3, this section applies to the release or detention of that person pending the hearing and determination of the reference as though that person were an appellant in an appeal described in paragraph (1)(a).

  • Marginal note:Release or detention pending new trial or new hearing

    (7.1) Where, with respect to any person, the court of appeal or the Supreme Court of Canada orders a new trial, section 515 or 522, as the case may be, applies to the release or detention of that person pending the new trial or new hearing as though that person were charged with the offence for the first time, except that the powers of a justice under section 515 or of a judge under section 522 are exercised by a judge of the court of appeal.

  • Marginal note:Application to appeals on summary conviction proceedings

    (8) This section applies to applications for leave to appeal and appeals to the Supreme Court of Canada in summary conviction proceedings.

  • Marginal note:Form of undertaking or recognizance

    (9) An undertaking under this section may be in Form 12 and a recognizance under this section may be in Form 32.

  • Marginal note:Directions for expediting appeal, new trial, etc.

    (10) A judge of the court of appeal, where on the application of an appellant he does not make an order under subsection (5) or where he cancels an order previously made under this section, or a judge of the Supreme Court of Canada on application by an appellant in the case of an appeal to that Court, may give such directions as he thinks necessary for expediting the hearing of the appellant’s appeal or for expediting the new trial or new hearing or the hearing of the reference, as the case may be.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 679;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 141;
  • 1997, c. 18, s. 95;
  • 1999, c. 25, s. 14(Preamble);
  • 2002, c. 13, s. 66.
Marginal note:Review by court of appeal
  •  (1) A decision made by a judge under section 522 or subsection 524(4) or (5) or a decision made by a judge of the court of appeal under section 261 or 679 may, on the direction of the chief justice or acting chief justice of the court of appeal, be reviewed by that court and that court may, if it does not confirm the decision,

    • (a) vary the decision; or

    • (b) substitute such other decision as, in its opinion, should have been made.

  • Marginal note:Single judge acting

    (2) On consent of the parties, the powers of the court of appeal under subsection (1) may be exercised by a judge of that court.

  • Marginal note:Enforcement of decision

    (3) A decision as varied or substituted under this section shall have effect and may be enforced in all respects as though it were the decision originally made.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 680;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 142;
  • 1994, c. 44, s. 68.

 [Repealed, 1991, c. 43, s. 9]

Marginal note:Report by judge
  •  (1) Where, under this Part, an appeal is taken or an application for leave to appeal is made, the judge or provincial court judge who presided at the trial shall, at the request of the court of appeal or a judge thereof, in accordance with rules of court, furnish it or him with a report on the case or on any matter relating to the case that is specified in the request.

  • Marginal note:Transcript of evidence

    (2) A copy or transcript of

    • (a) the evidence taken at the trial,

    • (b) any charge to the jury and any objections that were made to a charge to the jury,

    • (c) the reasons for judgment, if any, and

    • (d) the addresses of the prosecutor and the accused, if a ground for the appeal is based on either of the addresses,

    shall be furnished to the court of appeal, except in so far as it is dispensed with by order of a judge of that court.

  • (3) [Repealed, 1997, c. 18, s. 96]

  • Marginal note:Copies to interested parties

    (4) A party to an appeal is entitled to receive, on payment of any charges that are fixed by rules of court, a copy or transcript of any material that is prepared under subsections (1) and (2).

  • Marginal note:Copy for Minister of Justice

    (5) The Minister of Justice is entitled, on request, to receive a copy or transcript of any material that is prepared under subsections (1) and (2).

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 682;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), ss. 143, 203;
  • 1997, c. 18, s. 96.
 
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