Textile Labelling and Advertising Regulations

Version of section 26 from 2006-03-22 to 2010-03-24:

  •  (1) The generic name for

    • (a) a textile fibre that is obtained from

      • (i) sheep or lambs is wool,

      • (ii) Angora goats is wool, mohair, mohair wool or Angora goat hair,

      • (iii) Kashmir goats is wool, Cashmere, Kashmir wool or Kashmir goat hair,

      • (iv) alpacas, vicunas, camels or llamas is wool, “(name of the animal)”, “(name of the animal) wool”, or “(name of the animal) hair”;

    • (b) the hair or fur removed from the skin of an animal other than an animal referred to in paragraph (a) is “(name of the animal) hair”, “(name of the animal) fibre” or fur fibre;

    • (c) the undercoating of waterfowl, including goose, duck or swan, consisting of light fluffy filaments (barbs) growing from a quill point but without a quill shaft is down;

    • (d) the individual external horny structure that forms the body covering of birds and consists of a quill point, quill shaft and vanes, with or without an aftershaft, is feather; and

    • (e) a natural textile fibre other than those described in paragraphs (a) to (d) is the name by which it is commonly known in Canada.

  • (2) The generic name for a textile fibre that is made from

    • (a) cellulose acetate in which less than 92 per cent but not less than 74 per cent by mass of the hydroxyl groups are acetylated is acetate;

    • (b) cellulose acetate in which 92 per cent or more by mass of the hydroxyl groups are acetylated is triacetate;

    • (c) regenerated or precipitated cellulose is rayon, but where that fibre has been made

      • (i) by the cuprammonium process, cupro, cupro rayon, cuprammonium or cuprammonium rayon may be used as its generic name,

      • (ii) by the viscose process, viscose or viscose rayon may be used as its generic name,

      • (iii) by a modified viscose process so that it has a high wet modulus, modal or modal rayon may be used as its generic name, and

      • (iv) by a solvent extrusion process, where no chemical intermediates are formed, lyocell or lyocell rayon may be used as its generic name;

    • (d) glass is glass;

    • (e) metal, plastic-coated metal or a plastic or other core covered with metal is metallic;

    • (f) a regenerated protein is azlon, but protein may be used as the generic name for such fibre;

    • (g) a long chain synthetic polymer that is composed of 85 per cent or more by mass of acrylonitrile units is acrylic;

    • (h) a long chain synthetic polymer, other than a co-polymer described in paragraph (q), that is composed of less than 85 per cent but not less than 35 per cent by mass of acrylonitrile units is modacrylic;

    • (i) a long chain synthetic polymer that is composed of 50 per cent or more by mass of one or more esters of monohydric alcohol and acrylic acid is anidex;

    • (j) a long chain synthetic polymer composed of more than 50 per cent by mass of vinyl chloride units, vinylidene chloride units or other chlorine-containing units or chemical combinations of those units, other than modacrylic as defined in paragraph (h), is chlorofibre but where such polymer is composed of

      • (i) at least 80 per cent by mass of vinylidene chloride units, saran, or

      • (ii) at least 85 per cent by mass of vinyl chloride units, polyvinyl chloride or vinyon

    may be used as the generic name for such fibre;

    • (k) [Revoked, SOR/79-389, s. 1]

    • (l) a long chain synthetic polyamide that has recurring amide groups as an integral part of the main polymer chain in which at least 85 per cent by mass of the amide linkages are attached to aliphatic or cycloaliphatic groups, is nylon, but polyamide may be used as the generic name for such fibre;

    • (m) a long chain synthetic aromatic polyamide in which at least 85 per cent by mass of the amide linkages are attached directly to two aromatic rings and in which imide groups may be substituted for up to 50 per cent of the amide groups, is aramid;

    • (n) a long chain synthetic polymer

      • (i) that is composed of 85 per cent or more by mass of vinylidene dinitrile units, and

      • (ii) in which the vinylidene dinitrile units constitute at least every other unit in the polymer chain,

      is nytril;

    • (o) a long chain synthetic polymer that is composed of at least 85 per cent by mass of olefin units is olefin or polyolefin but

      • (i) where the olefin units are ethylene units, polyethylene may be used as the generic name for such fibre, and

      • (ii) where the olefin units are propylene units, polypropylene may be used as the generic name for such fibre;

    • (p) a long chain synthetic polymer that is composed of 85 per cent or more by mass of an ester of a dihydric alcohol or a diol and terephthalic acid is polyester;

    • (q) a natural or synthetic rubber is rubber but, where the fibre is made from a co-polymer composed of a diene and of not more than 50 per cent but not less than 10 per cent by mass of acrylonitrile units, lastrile may be used as the generic name for that fibre;

    • (r) a long chain synthetic polymer composed of chains with the recurring urethane linkage -O-CO-NH- is polyurethane but, where such polymer is composed of at least 85 per cent by mass of a segmented polyurethane, spandex or elastane may be used as the generic name for that fibre;

    • (s) a long chain synthetic polymer that is composed of

      • (i) 50 per cent or more by mass of vinyl alcohol units, and

      • (ii) 85 per cent or more by mass of vinyl alcohol and acetal units,

      is vinal, but vinylal may be used as the generic name for such fibre;

    • (t) linear macromolecules that are made from fluorocarbon aliphatic monomers is fluorofibre; and

    • (u) a manufactured fibre in which the fibre-forming substance is a long chain aromatic polymer having recurring imidazole groups as an integral part of the polymer chain is PBI.

  • (3) Where a manufactured textile fibre is essentially made of two or more distinct constituents, physically combined or mixed at or prior to extrusion, which if separately extruded would each form a textile fibre referred to in subsection (2), the generic name that is required by subparagraph 6(b)(i) of the Act to be shown on a label shall be identified by the applicable generic name as set out in subsection (2) or shown in the following manner, namely, the term biconstituent in the case of two constituents or multiconstituent in the case of more than two constituents shall be immediately followed by brackets containing each constituent, identified by the applicable generic name as set out in subsection (2), preceded by the percentage by mass that the constituent represents in relation to the total mass of the textile fibre, listed in order of predominance by mass and separated from the other constituents by a hyphen.

  • (4) Where a textile fibre is made by chemically bonding a grafted component to a base component (the main chain), the generic name that is required by subparagraph 6(b)(i) of the Act to be shown on a label shall be the applicable generic name set out in subsection (1) or (2), or a combination of the applicable generic names set out in subsections (1) and (2), or shall be the following: the term grafted followed by brackets containing, first, the generic name of the grafted component set out in subsection (1) or (2) and, second, the generic name of the base component set out in subsection (1) or (2), and each component shall be preceded by the percentage by mass that the component represents in relation to the total mass of the textile fibre and separated from the other component by a hyphen.

  • (5) and (6) [Repealed, SOR/89-212, s. 1]

  • SOR/78-114, s. 1;
  • SOR/78-487, s. 1(F);
  • SOR/79-79, s. 3;
  • SOR/79-389, s. 1;
  • SOR/87-247, s. 11;
  • SOR/89-212, s. 1;
  • SOR/90-78, s. 1;
  • SOR/91-299, s. 5;
  • SOR/94-724, s. 1.
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