Excise Act, 2001 (S.C. 2002, c. 22)
Assented to 2002-06-13
Marginal note:Review of imposed penalty
257. The debt due to Her Majesty as a result of a penalty imposed under section 254 is final and not subject to review or to be restrained, prohibited, removed, set aside or otherwise dealt with except to the extent and in the manner provided under this Act.
Marginal note:Information for search warrant
258. (1) A judge may at any time issue a warrant signed by the judge authorizing an officer to search a building, receptacle or place for a thing and to seize it if the judge is satisfied by information on oath that there are reasonable grounds to believe that there will be found in the building, receptacle or place anything that there are reasonable grounds to believe will afford evidence in respect of a contravention under this Act.
Marginal note:Form of search warrant
(2) A warrant must refer to the contravention for which it is issued, identify the building, receptacle or place to be searched and be reasonably specific as to the thing to be searched for and seized.
Marginal note:Endorsement of search warrant
(3) If the building, receptacle or place is in a territorial division other than that in which the judge has jurisdiction, the judge may issue the warrant and the warrant may be executed in the other territorial division after it has been endorsed by a judge having jurisdiction in that territorial division.
Marginal note:Effect of endorsement
(4) An endorsement that is made on a warrant as provided for in subsection (3) is sufficient authority to the officers to whom it was originally directed, and to all officers within the jurisdiction of the judge by whom it is endorsed, to execute the warrant and to deal with the things seized in accordance with section 489.1 of the Criminal Code or as otherwise provided by law.
Marginal note:Seizure of things not specified
(5) An officer who executes a warrant may seize, in addition to the things mentioned in the warrant,
(a) anything by means of or in relation to which the officer believes on reasonable grounds that a provision of this Act has been contravened; or
(b) anything that the officer believes on reasonable grounds will afford evidence in respect of a contravention under this Act.
Marginal note:Execution of search warrant
(6) A warrant shall be executed during the period between 6:00 a.m. and 9:00 p.m. unless
(a) the judge is satisfied that there are reasonable grounds for it to be executed outside of that period;
(b) the reasonable grounds are included in the information; and
(c) the warrant authorizes that it be executed outside of that period.
Marginal note:Operation of computer system and copying equipment
(7) An officer authorized under this section to search a computer system for data may
(a) use or cause to be used any computer system at the building or place to search any data contained in or available to the computer system;
(b) use or cause to be used any equipment at the building or place to make a copy of the data and to render it in any form; and
(c) seize a copy or rendering made under paragraph (b) that may afford evidence in respect of a contravention under this Act.
Marginal note:Duty of person in possession or control
(8) Every person who is in possession or control of any building or place in respect of which a search described by subsection (7) is carried out shall, on presentation of the warrant, provide to the officer carrying out the search all assistance that is necessary to carry out the search.
Marginal note:Application of section 490 of Criminal Code
(9) Section 490 of the Criminal Code applies in respect of anything seized under this section.
Extended meaning of “judge”
(10) In this section and paragraph 262(2)(b), “judge” also means a justice who is authorized under the Criminal Code to issue a search warrant.
Marginal note:Warrant not necessary in exigent circumstances
259. An officer may exercise any of the powers referred to in subsection 258(1) without a warrant if the conditions for obtaining a warrant exist but by reason of exigent circumstances it would not be practical to obtain one.
Marginal note:By whom
260. (1) An officer may, at all reasonable times, for any purpose related to the administration or enforcement of this Act, inspect, audit or examine the records, processes, property or premises of a person in order to determine whether that or any other person is in compliance with this Act.
Marginal note:Powers of officer
(2) For the purposes of an inspection, audit or examination, the officer may
(a) subject to subsection (3), enter any place in which the officer reasonably believes the person keeps records or carries on any activity to which this Act applies;
(b) stop a conveyance or direct that it be moved to a place where the inspection or examination may be performed;
(c) require any individual to be present during the inspection, audit or examination and require that individual to answer all proper questions and to give to the officer all reasonable assistance;
(d) open or cause to be opened any receptacle that the officer reasonably believes contains anything to which this Act applies;
(e) take samples of anything free of charge; and
(f) seize anything by means of or in relation to which the officer reasonably believes this Act has been contravened.
Marginal note:Prior authorization
(3) If any place referred to in paragraph (2)(a) is a dwelling-house, the officer may not enter that dwelling-house without the consent of the occupant, except under the authority of a warrant issued under subsection (4).
Marginal note:Warrant to enter dwelling-house
(4) A judge may issue a warrant authorizing an officer to enter a dwelling-house subject to the conditions specified in the warrant if, on ex parte application by the Minister, a judge is satisfied by information on oath that
(a) there are reasonable grounds to believe that the dwelling-house is a place referred to in paragraph (2)(a);
(b) entry into the dwelling-house is necessary for any purpose relating to the administration or enforcement of this Act; and
(c) entry into the dwelling-house has been, or there are reasonable grounds to believe that entry will be, refused.
Marginal note:Orders if entry not authorized
(5) If the judge is not satisfied that entry into the dwelling-house is necessary for any purpose related to the administration or enforcement of this Act, the judge may, to the extent that access was or may be expected to be refused and that a record or property is or may be expected to be kept in the dwelling-house,
(a) order the occupant of the dwelling-house to provide an officer with reasonable access to any record or property that is or should be kept in the dwelling-house; and
(b) make any other order that is appropriate in the circumstances to carry out the purposes of this Act.
Definition of “dwelling-house”
(6) In this section, “dwelling-house” means the whole or any part of a building or structure that is kept or occupied as a permanent or temporary residence, and includes
(a) a building within the curtilage of a dwelling-house that is connected to it by a doorway or by a covered and enclosed passageway; and
(b) a unit that is designed to be mobile and to be used as a permanent or temporary residence and that is being used as such a residence.
Marginal note:Custody of seized things
261. (1) An officer who seizes a thing under section 260 may retain custody of the thing or transfer custody of it to any person that the officer may designate.
Marginal note:Retention of seized things
(2) An officer may order that a thing seized under section 260 be retained or stored at the place from where it was seized and no person shall use, remove or dispose of the thing without the consent of the officer or other authorized person.
Marginal note:Copies of records
262. (1) A person who seizes, inspects, audits, examines or is provided a record under section 260 may make, or cause to be made, one or more copies of the record.
Marginal note:Retention of records seized
(2) No records that have been seized as evidence under section 260 shall be retained for a period of more than three months after the time of seizure unless, before the expiry of that period,
(a) the person from whom they were seized agrees to their further retention for a specified period;
(b) a judge is satisfied on application that, having regard to the circumstances, their further retention for a specified period is warranted and so orders; or
(c) judicial proceedings are instituted in which they may be required.
Marginal note:Officer must give notification of seizure
263. An officer who seizes a thing under section 260 shall, without delay,
(a) report the circumstances of the seizure to the Commissioner; and
(b) if the officer has evidence that a person may be entitled to make an application under section 278 in respect of the thing, take all reasonable measures to ensure that notification of the seizure is sent to that person at their last known address.
Return or Disposal of Things Seized
Marginal note:Certain things not to be returned
264. Despite this Act, any alcohol, specially denatured alcohol, raw leaf tobacco or tobacco product that is seized under section 260 must not be returned to the person from whom it was seized or any other person unless it was seized in error.
Marginal note:Return if security provided
265. The Minister may, subject to this or any other Act of Parliament, return anything that has been seized under section 260 to the person from whom it was seized, or to any person authorized by that person, on receipt of security with a value equal to
(a) the value of the thing at the time of its seizure as determined by the Minister; or
(b) a lesser amount satisfactory to the Minister.
Marginal note:Dealing with things seized
266. (1) The Minister may sell, destroy or otherwise deal with anything seized under section 260.
(2) Subject to the regulations, the Minister may sell
(a) seized spirits or specially denatured alcohol only to a spirits licensee;
(b) seized wine only to a wine licensee; and
(c) seized raw leaf tobacco or a seized tobacco product only to a tobacco licensee.
Marginal note:Payment of compensation
(3) If a person would be entitled to the return of a thing if it were available to be returned, but it is not possible to return it, the person shall be paid
(a) if the thing was sold, the proceeds from the sale; and
(b) in any other case, the value of the thing at the time of its seizure as determined by the Minister.
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