Assented to 2019-02-28
An Act to amend the Federal Sustainable Development Act
This enactment amends the Federal Sustainable Development Act to make decision making related to sustainable development more transparent and subject to accountability to Parliament.
Her Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate and House of Commons of Canada, enacts as follows:
2008, c. 33Federal Sustainable Development Act
(2) The definition Minister in section 2 of the Act is replaced by the following:
Minister means the Minister of the Environment, unless the context otherwise requires. (ministre)
(3) Section 2 of the Act is amended by adding the following in alphabetical order:
- appropriate Minister
appropriate Minister has the same meaning as in section 2 of the Financial Administration Act. (ministre compétent)
- designated entity
designated entity means an entity named in the schedule. (entité désignée)
2 Section 3 of the Act is replaced by the following:
3 The purpose of this Act is to provide the legal framework for developing and implementing a Federal Sustainable Development Strategy that makes decision making related to sustainable development more transparent and subject to accountability to Parliament, promotes coordinated action across the Government of Canada to advance sustainable development and respects Canada’s domestic and international obligations relating to sustainable development, with a view to improving the quality of life of Canadians.
3 Section 5 of the Act is replaced by the following:
5 The following principles shall be considered in the development of sustainable development strategies:
(a) the principle that sustainable development is based on an efficient use of natural, social and economic resources and the need for the Government of Canada to integrate environmental, economic and social factors in the making of all of its decisions;
(a.1) the principle that sustainable development
(i) is a continually evolving concept,
(ii) may be achieved by, among other things, the protection of ecosystems, prevention of pollution, protection of human health, promotion of equity, conservation of cultural heritage, respect for domestic and international obligations relating to sustainable development and recognition of the present generation’s responsibility to provide future generations with a healthy and ecologically sound environment, and
(iii) may be advanced by, among other things, taking into account the precautionary principle, the “polluter pays” principle, the principle of internalization of costs and the principle of continuous improvement;
(b) the principle of intergenerational equity, which is the principle that it is important to meet the needs of the present generation without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs;
(c) the principle of openness and transparency, which is the principle that the release of information should be encouraged to support accountability and public engagement;
(d) the principle that it is important to involve Aboriginal peoples because of their traditional knowledge and their unique understanding of, and connection to, Canada’s lands and waters;
(e) the principle of collaboration, which is the principle that it is important for stakeholders to collaborate in the pursuit of common objectives; and
(f) the principle that a results and delivery approach — that allows for developing objectives, developing strategies for meeting those objectives, using indicators for reporting on progress towards meeting those objectives and establishing accountability — is key to meeting measurable targets.
Marginal note:2010, c. 16, s. 1
4 Subsection 7(2) of the Act is replaced by the following:
(2) The Office shall, at least once every three years after this Act comes into force or, as of November 10, 2017, at least once within every three-year period beginning on that date, provide the Minister with a report on the progress of the Government of Canada in implementing the Federal Sustainable Development Strategy.
Marginal note:Contribution of designated entities
(3) Every designated entity or, in the case of a designated entity over which a minister presides, the minister presiding over the designated entity shall contribute to the development of the report.
Marginal note:Tabling in each House of Parliament
(4) The Minister shall cause the report to be tabled in each House of Parliament on any of the first 15 days on which that House is sitting after the Minister receives it.
Marginal note:Deemed referral to appropriate committee
(5) A report that is tabled in a House of Parliament is deemed to be referred to the standing committee of that House that normally considers matters relating to sustainable development.
Marginal note:Sustainable Development Advisory Council
8 (1) The Minister shall appoint a Sustainable Development Advisory Council composed of one representative from each province and territory, six representatives of Aboriginal peoples, and three representatives from each of the following:
(2) Section 8 of the Act is amended by adding the following after subsection (1):
Marginal note:Demographic representation
(1.1) The Minister shall, when appointing representatives to the Sustainable Development Advisory Council, seek to reflect the diversity of Canadian society by taking into account demographic considerations such as age and gender.
(3) Subsection 8(3) of the Act is replaced by the following:
(2.1) The mandate of the Sustainable Development Advisory Council is to advise the Minister on any matter related to sustainable development, including matters referred to it by the Minister.
(3) The representatives appointed to the Sustainable Development Advisory Council may be paid reasonable expenses incurred by them in connection with the business of the Council, subject to applicable Treasury Board directives.
9 (1) The Minister shall develop, in accordance with this section, a Federal Sustainable Development Strategy within two years after this Act comes into force and at least once within every three-year period after that or, as of November 10, 2017, at least once within every three-year period beginning on that date.
Marginal note:Contribution of designated entities
(1.1) Every designated entity or, in the case of a designated entity over which a minister presides, the minister presiding over the designated entity shall contribute to the development of the Federal Sustainable Development Strategy.
(2) The Federal Sustainable Development Strategy shall set out federal sustainable development goals and targets and an implementation strategy for meeting each target and identify the minister responsible for meeting each target. Each target shall be measurable and shall include a time frame.
(2) Subsection 9(4) of the Act is replaced by the following:
Marginal note:Consultation: first draft
(4) The Minister shall at the same time submit the draft of the Federal Sustainable Development Strategy to the Commissioner for review and comment, including as to whether each target is measurable and includes a time frame, for which the Minister shall allow a period of not less than 120 days.
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