Customs Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. 1 (2nd Supp.))
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Act current to 2023-03-06 and last amended on 2022-10-01. Previous Versions
PART VCollection of Information About Persons and Goods (continued)
Exportation of Goods (continued)
Marginal note:Failure to export
96 Where goods are reported under section 95 and not duly exported, the person who reported them shall forthwith report the failure to export them to an officer at a customs office.
97 In such circumstances as may be prescribed, goods that are transported within Canada after they have been reported under section 95 shall be transported subject to such conditions and subject to such bonds or other security as may be prescribed.
97.01 [Repealed, 1997, c. 14, s. 44]
Marginal note:Certificate of Origin of goods exported to a free trade partner
97.1 (1) Every exporter of goods to a free trade partner for which preferential tariff treatment under a free trade agreement will be claimed in accordance with the laws of that free trade partner shall certify in writing in the prescribed form and containing the prescribed information that goods exported or to be exported from Canada to that free trade partner meet the rules of origin set out in, or contemplated by, the applicable free trade agreement and, if the exporter is not the producer of the goods, the certificate shall be completed and signed by the exporter on the basis of the prescribed criteria.
Marginal note:Certificate of Origin — CPTPP or CUSMA
(1.1) If an exporter or producer of goods that are exported to a CPTPP country or CUSMA country and for which preferential tariff treatment under the CPTPP or CUSMA will be claimed in accordance with the laws of that country is the person who certifies that the goods meet the rules of origin set out in, or contemplated by, the CPTPP or CUSMA, the exporter or producer shall do so in writing, in the prescribed form and containing the prescribed information, and
(a) in the case of an exporter, on the basis of supporting information that the exporter has or by relying on supporting information that the producer has; and
(b) in the case of a producer, on the basis of supporting information that the producer has.
Marginal note:Provision of copy of Certificate of Origin
(2) Every exporter or producer of goods who, for the purpose of enabling any person to comply with the applicable laws relating to customs of a free trade partner, completes and signs a certificate in accordance with subsection (1) or (1.1) shall, at the request of an officer, provide the officer with a copy of the certificate.
Marginal note:Notification of correct information
(3) A person who has completed and signed a certificate in accordance with subsection (1) or (1.1) and who has reason to believe that it contains incorrect information shall immediately notify each person and each CPTPP country or CUSMA country to whom the certificate was given of the correct information.
- 1988, c. 65, s. 78
- 1997, c. 14, s. 44
- 2001, c. 25, s. 56(F)
- 2018, c. 23, s. 25
- 2020, c. 1, s. 127
97.11 [Repealed, 1997, c. 14, s. 44]
Marginal note:Exporters’ or producers’ records
97.2 (1) Every person who exports goods or causes them to be exported for sale or for any industrial, occupational, commercial, institutional or other like use or any other use that may be prescribed, and every other person who has completed and signed a certificate in accordance with subsection 97.1(1) or (1.1), shall keep at the person’s place of business in Canada or at any other place that may be designated by the Minister any records in respect of those goods in the manner and for the period that may be prescribed and shall, if an officer requests, make them available to the officer, within the time specified by the officer, and answer any questions asked by the officer in respect of the records.
(2) Subsection 40(2) and sections 42 and 43 apply, with such modifications as the circumstances require, to a person required to keep records pursuant to subsection (1).
- 1988, c. 65, s. 78
- 1993, c. 44, s. 104
- 1996, c. 33, s. 38
- 1997, c. 14, s. 45
- 2001, c. 25, s. 57
- 2018, c. 23, s. 26
Marginal note:Verification of origin — certain agreements
97.201 (1) The customs administration of any state or beneficiary referred to in subsection 42.1(1.1) to which goods were exported may request in writing that the Agency conduct a verification and provide, as the case may be
(a) an opinion as to whether those goods are originating within the meaning of Annex C of CEFTA;
(b) a written report as to whether the goods are originating within the meaning of Chapter 3 of CUFTA;
(c) a written report as to whether the goods are originating within the meaning of the Protocol on Rules of Origin and Origin Procedures of CETA; or
(d) a written report as to whether the goods are originating within the meaning of the Protocol on Rules of Origin and Origin Procedures of CETA as incorporated by reference in CUKTCA.
Marginal note:Methods of verification
(2) Any officer, or any officer within a class of officers, designated by the President for the purposes of this section, or any person, or any person within a class of persons, designated by the President to act on behalf of such an officer, may, subject to any prescribed conditions, conduct a verification of origin of goods referred to in subsection (1)
(a) by entering any prescribed premises or place at any reasonable time; or
(b) in any other prescribed manner.
Marginal note:Statement of origin — certain agreements
(3) On completion of a verification of origin requested under subsection (1), an officer or other person designated under subsection (2) shall
(a) provide, in the prescribed manner, the customs administration of the state or beneficiary with the opinion or written report requested and any relevant supporting documents that may be requested by that customs administration; and
(b) determine whether the goods are originating within the meaning of the applicable provision referred to in subsection (1).
Marginal note:Notice requirement
(4) The President shall without delay give notice of a decision made under paragraph (3)(b), including the rationale on which the decision is made, to the exporter or producer of the goods, as the case may be, subject to the verification of origin.
Marginal note:Determination treated as re-determination
(5) A determination made under paragraph (3)(b) is to be treated for the purposes of this Act as if it were a re-determination under paragraph 59(1)(a).
- 2009, c. 6, s. 28
- 2017, c. 6, s. 84, c. 8, ss. 22, 43
- 2021, c. 1, s. 26
97.21 The definitions in this section apply in this Part.
Commissioner means the Commissioner of Revenue appointed under section 25 of the Canada Revenue Agency Act. (commissaire)
debtor means a person liable to pay an amount owing or payable in accordance with this Act. (débiteur)
judge means a judge of a superior court having jurisdiction in the province where a matter arises or a judge of the Federal Court. (juge)
Minister means the Minister of National Revenue. (ministre)
receiver means a person who
(a) under the authority of a debenture, bond or other debt security, a court order or an Act of Parliament or of the legislature of a province, is empowered to operate or manage a business or a property of another person;
(b) is appointed by a trustee under a trust deed in respect of a debt security to exercise the authority of the trustee to manage or operate a business or a property of the debtor under the debt security;
(c) is appointed by a bank to act as agent of the bank in the exercise of the authority of the bank under subsection 426(3) of the Bank Act in respect of property of another person;
(d) is appointed as a liquidator to liquidate the assets of a corporation or to wind up the affairs of a corporation; or
(e) is appointed as a committee, guardian or curator with authority to manage and care for the affairs and assets of an individual who is incapable of managing those affairs and assets.
It includes a person who is appointed to exercise the authority of a creditor under a debenture, bond or other debt security to operate or manage a business or a property of another person. However, if a person is so appointed it does not include that creditor. (séquestre)
- 2001, c. 25, s. 58
- 2005, c. 38, s. 75
Marginal note:Ancillary powers
97.211 (1) The Minister may, for the purposes of administering or enforcing this Part, exercise any of the following powers that are necessary for the collection of debts due to Her Majesty under this Part:
(a) the powers provided for in paragraphs (a) and (b) of the definition prescribed in subsection 2(1) as well as those provided for in subsections 3.3(1) and (2), 43(1) and 115(1); and
(b) any other powers that are conferred under any provision of this Act that is specified by the Governor in Council on the recommendation of the Minister and the Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness.
(2) An order made for the purpose of subsection (1) must be published in Part II of the Canada Gazette as soon as practicable after it is made.
- 2005, c. 38, ss. 76, 145
Marginal note:Debts to Her Majesty
97.22 (1) Subject to subsections (2) and (3), any duties, fee, charge or other amount owing or payable under this Act is a debt due to Her Majesty in right of Canada from and after the time such amount should have been paid, and any person from whom the amount is owing shall, after a notice of arrears is sent by mail addressed to the person at their latest known address or delivered to that address, pay the amount owing as indicated in the notice or appeal the notice under section 97.23.
Marginal note:Penalty or ascertained forfeiture
(2) Any amount of money demanded as a penalty in a notice of assessment served under section 109.3 and any interest payable under section 109.5 or any amount of money demanded in a notice under section 124 and any interest payable under subsection 124(6), from and after the time of service, is a debt due to Her Majesty in right of Canada from the person on whom the notice is served and the person shall pay that amount or, within ninety days after the time of service, request a decision of the Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness under section 131.
Marginal note:Amounts demanded
(3) Any amount of money demanded under paragraph 133(1)(c) or (1.1)(b) and any interest payable under subsection 133(7), from and after the time notice is served under subsection 131(2), is a debt due to Her Majesty in right of Canada from the person who requested the decision and the person shall pay the amount so demanded or, if the person appeals the decision of the Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness under section 135, give security satisfactory to that Minister.
Marginal note:Court costs
(4) If an amount is payable by a person to Her Majesty in right of Canada because of an order, judgment or award of a court in respect of the costs of litigation relating to a matter to which this Act applies, sections 97.24, 97.26, 97.28 and 97.3 to 97.33 apply to the amount as if the amount were a debt owing by the person to Her Majesty on account of duties payable by the person under this Act.
(5) Any amount payable under this Act is recoverable in the Federal Court or any other court of competent jurisdiction or in any other manner provided under this Part.
Marginal note:Interest on judgments
(6) If a judgment is obtained for any amount payable under this Act, including a certificate registered under section 97.24, the provisions of this Act under which interest is payable for failure to pay the amount apply, with any modifications that the circumstances require, to a failure to pay the judgment debt, and the interest is recoverable in the same manner as the judgment debt.
- 2001, c. 25, s. 58
- 2005, c. 38, ss. 77, 84, 145
97.23 A person to whom a notice is sent or delivered under subsection 97.22(1) may, within thirty days after that notice is sent, appeal the notice by way of an action in the Federal Court in which the person is the plaintiff and the Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness is the defendant if
(a) no appeal is or was available to that person under section 67 or 68 in respect of the same matter; and
(b) the notice is not in respect of an amount assessed under section 97.44.
- 2001, c. 25, s. 58
- 2005, c. 38, ss. 84, 145
Certificates, Liens and Set-off
97.24 (1) Any debt, or any part of a debt, due to Her Majesty in right of Canada under this Act may be certified by the Minister as an amount payable by the debtor.
Marginal note:Registration in court
(2) On production to the Federal Court, the certificate must be registered in the Court. When it is registered, it has the same force and effect, and all proceedings may be taken, as if the certificate were a judgment obtained in the Court for a debt of the amount specified in the certificate and interest on the amount as provided under this Act. For the purposes of any such proceedings, the certificate is a judgment of the Court against the debtor and enforceable as such.
(3) All reasonable costs and charges for the registration of the certificate or in respect of any proceedings taken to collect the amount certified are recoverable in the same way as if they had been certified in the certificate registered under this section.
Marginal note:Protected interest in property
(4) A memorial may be recorded for the purpose of creating a protected interest in property in a province or an interest in such property held by the debtor in the same manner as a document evidencing the following may be recorded in accordance with the law of the province:
(a) a judgment of the superior court of the province against a person for a debt owing by the person; and
(b) an amount payable by a person in the province in respect of a debt owing to Her Majesty in right of the province.
Marginal note:Creation of protected interest
(5) The effect of recording a memorial is, in the same manner and to the same extent as if the memorial were a document evidencing a judgment or an amount referred to in subsection (4), to create a protected interest in the property of the debtor in the province, or in any interest in that property, held by the debtor or to otherwise bind that property or interest in the property. The protected interest created is subordinate to any protected interest in respect of which all steps necessary to make it effective against other creditors were taken before the time the memorial was recorded.
Marginal note:Proceedings in respect of memorial
(6) If a memorial is recorded in a province, proceedings may be taken, in the same manner and to the same extent as if the memorial were a document evidencing a judgment or an amount referred to in subsection (4), in the province in respect of the memorial, including proceedings
(a) to enforce payment of the amount evidenced by the memorial, interest on the amount and all costs and charges paid or incurred in respect of the recording of the memorial and proceedings taken to collect the amount;
(b) to renew or otherwise prolong the effectiveness of the recording of the memorial;
(c) to cancel or withdraw the memorial wholly or in respect of any of the property or interests affected by the memorial; or
(d) to postpone the effectiveness of the recording of the memorial in favour of any protected interest that has been or is intended to be recorded in respect of any property or interest affected by the memorial.
Marginal note:Federal Court may make order, etc.
(7) If in any proceeding or as a condition precedent to any proceeding referred to in subsection (6) any order, consent or ruling is required under the law of a province to be made or given by the superior court of the province or by a judge or official of the court, a like order, consent or ruling may be made or given by the Federal Court or by a judge or official of the Federal Court and, when so made or given, has the same effect for the purposes of the proceeding as if it were made or given by the superior court of the province or by a judge or official of the court.
Marginal note:Presentation of documents
(8) If a memorial, or a document relating to it, is presented for recording, for the purpose of any proceeding referred to in subsection (6), to any official in the land, personal property or other registry system of a province, it is to be accepted for recording in the same manner and to the same extent as if the memorial or document were a document evidencing a judgment or an amount referred to in subsection (4) for the purpose of a like proceeding.
Marginal note:Access for recording
(9) If access is sought to any person, place or thing in a province for the purpose of recording a memorial, or a document relating to it, the access must be granted in the same manner and to the same extent as if the memorial or document were a document evidencing a judgment or an amount referred to in subsection (4) for the purpose of a like proceeding.
Marginal note:Evidence deemed to have been provided
(10) If a memorial or document is issued by the Federal Court or signed or certified by a judge or official of the Court, any affidavit, declaration or other evidence required under the law of the province to be provided with or to accompany the memorial or document in the proceeding is deemed to have been provided with or to have accompanied the memorial or document as so required.
Marginal note:Prohibition — sale, etc., without consent
(11) Despite any law of Canada or of a province, no sheriff or other person may, without the written consent of the Minister, sell or otherwise dispose of any property or publish any notice or otherwise advertise in respect of any sale or other disposition of any property pursuant to any process issued or protected interest created in any proceeding to collect an amount certified in a certificate, any interest on the amount and any costs.
Marginal note:Subsequent consent
(12) Despite subsection (11), if the Minister’s consent is subsequently given, any property that would have been affected by a process or protected interest referred to in that subsection had the Minister’s consent been given at the time the process was issued or the protected interest was created is bound, seized, attached, charged or otherwise affected as if that consent had been given at the time the process was issued or the protected interest was created, as the case may be.
Marginal note:Completion of notices, etc.
(13) If information required to be set out by any sheriff or other person in a minute, notice or document required to be completed for any purpose cannot, because of subsection (11), be so set out, the sheriff or other person must complete the minute, notice or document to the extent possible without that information and, when the consent of the Minister is given, a further minute, notice or document setting out all the information is to be completed for the same purpose. The sheriff or other person is deemed to have complied with any law or rule of court requiring the information to be set out in the minute, notice or document.
Marginal note:Application for an order
(14) A sheriff or other person who is unable, because of subsection (11) or (13), to comply with any law or rule of court is bound by any order made by a judge of the Federal Court, on an ex parte application by the Minister, for the purpose of giving effect to the proceeding or protected interest.
Marginal note:Secured claims
(15) A protected interest that is registered in accordance with subsection 87(1) of the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act is deemed to be a claim that
(a) is secured by a security and that, subject to subsection 87(2) of that Act, ranks as a secured claim under that Act; and
(b) is referred to in paragraph 86(2)(a) of that Act.
Marginal note:Details in certificates and memorials
(16) Despite any law of Canada or of a province, in any certificate in respect of a debtor, in any memorial evidencing the certificate or in any writ or document issued for the purpose of collecting an amount certified, it is sufficient for all purposes
(a) to set out, as the amount payable by the debtor, the total of amounts payable by the debtor without setting out the separate amounts making up that total; and
(b) to refer to the rate of interest to be charged on the separate amounts making up the amount payable in general terms as interest at the rate prescribed under this Act applicable from time to time on amounts payable to the Receiver General, without indicating the specific rates of interest to be charged on each of the separate amounts or to be charged for any particular period of time.
(17) The definitions in this subsection apply in this section.
memorial means a document issued by the Federal Court evidencing a certificate registered under subsection (2) in respect of a debtor and includes a writ of that Court issued pursuant to the certificate or any notification of the document or writ. (extrait)
- protected interest
protected interest means a charge, lien, prior claim, priority on or binding interest in property. (droit garanti)
record, in respect of a memorial, means to file, register or otherwise record the memorial. (enregistrement)
- 2001, c. 25, s. 58
- Date modified: